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Kubinka NIIBT Research Collection - Soviet Vehicles, Kubinka, Russia

(Location: External Display Area)

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Sample Photo from Tank with UniqueID 342

Unique ID: 342
Added to Database: July 2008
Last Edited: July 2008
Type (ID): KS (6100)
Model (ID): KS (6100)
Location Category (ID): Kubinka NIIBT Research Collection - Soviet Vehicles (2100)
Location (ID): External Display Area (2105)
Serial Number:
Other Identification:
Collection Reference:
Associated Tanks:

Location History:
(see map)

1: Renault S.A., Boulogne-Billancourt, Île-de-France, North East France, France (Primary FT manufacturer 1918-21)
2: Salonika, Greece (Staging point)
3: Coastal port, Romania (Landed 4 October 1918)
4: Odessa, Ukraine (Landed 18 December 1918)
5: Tiraspol, Moldova (In action 7 February 1919)
6: Berezovka, Russia (In action March 1919)
7: Factory 112 Krasnoye Sormovo, Nizhniy Novgorod, Nizhniy Novgorod Oblast, Nizhniy Novgorod Region, Russia (FT rebuilt as KS 1919-20)
8: Kubinka NIIBT Research Collection - Soviet Vehicles, Kubinka, Moscow Oblast, Russia (Current location)

Text in original Preserved French Tanks publication:

For the details and a photograph of this vehicle see Preserved Tanks in Russia: #1.

Text in Preserved French Tanks Update:

[No entry]

Text in original Preserved Tanks In Russia publication:

This is a KS or “Reno Russkiy” light tank. The KS was a direct copy of the French Renault FT-17 and was built at Krasnoye Sormovo (hence the ‘KS’). The prototype was named “Freedom Fighter Comrade Lenin”. This example has this legend painted on its side, but is believed to be a different vehicle and partly a replica.

Text in Preserved Tanks In Russia Update:

The original source of this KS is unknown but it is presumed to have been one of the original Soviet FT tanks. If so, it is possible to determine the likely route it took from France to Russia. These tanks were captured by the Bolshevik Red Army from the White Russian forces that were in turn supported by the French Army. In the autumn of 1918 the third company of the French unit AS303 was secretly transferred to Romania via Salonika in an attempt to support Romanian plans to re-enter the war on the Allied Side (source: S. Zaloga, ‘The Renault FT Tank’). The tanks were landed on 4 October 1918, but did not see any fighting; instead they were reloaded on ships and landed at the Black Sea port of Odessa on 18 December 1918. They were first used in February 1919 supporting a Polish infantry attack near Tiraspol. They were then all either lost in action in fighting in March near Berezovka, or were left behind when the French abandoned Odessa in April 1919. In 1919 and 1920 the Bolsheviks rebuilt them and they became a popular fixture at Red Army parades in the early 1920s.

Images - Photographs and NavPix (click to expand or browse)

Date Unknown

Front left view
1: Front left view

Taken: Date Unknown
Contributor: T. Larkum
Photo ID: 392
Added: 22 July 2008
Filename: Scan_KS_...
Views: 163
Select/Has Priority: 4/0