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Location Category ID: 23830
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Achtung Panzer
Latitude, Longitude: 48.09 , 39.65156794
Location Accuracy: 2
Tanks Previously Here: Models of tank built here:
1: SU-76i Tank Destroyer (Conversion to SU-76i April-November 1943)
2: T-60 Tank (Design parent and additional manufacturer)
3: T-70 Light Tank (Manufacturer)

In May 1941, Moscow Factory #37 received an order to manufacture the new T-50 Light Support Tank, which was designed in Leningrad by factory #174. This tank had features that suited mass production, namely, small dimensions and low metal requirements (total weight was only 14.5 tones). It was envisaged that it would be manufactured in large numbers of small factories and industrial sub-stations that originally could not manufacture 'serious' vehicles like the T-34 or KV. This would utilize those production facilities that weren't yet involved in tank manufacturing. Simultaneously, factory #37 was ordered to develop and manufacture a complex and labour-intensive new 6-cylinder diesel engine V-4. This order was met with scepticism among the factory's engineers and workers since the modest capabilities of the factory didn't match the task. At the same time they knew that manoeuvrable lightly-armoured vehicles like the T-50, with their light armament, were urgently needed by the Red Army (for reconnaissance or convoy duties particularly).
This led the factory 37 engineers to the conclusion that there was a need to develop a new light tank for close infantry support. In developing the new tank, engineers used some parts from the existing T-40 tank, including the transmission, the chassis, and the engine. The whole project was accomplished in only 15 days (in August 1941). Within this very short time, the paper project of the T-60 light tank was completed, and its scale-model was built. Soon after the new light tank was accepted for service, and a special order to manufacture 10,000 of those tanks was issued. On September 15, 1941, the first production T-60 was manufactured at factory #37. However, this factory was evacuated soon after (by an order issued on October 9, 1941), and the industrial process was cancelled on September 26. Only 245 tanks were manufactured.
Factory #37 was evacuated to Sverdlovsk in three places: to the Metallist factory; to the Voevodin's railway-carriage repair works; and to a branch of the Uralmash factory. Together with the elements of the KIM factory, they founded the new tank factory #37 (the Chief Engineer was G. S. Surenyan, later N. A. Popov). The new factory opened on December 15, 1941. The first 20 T-30 and T-60 tanks were tested on the new proving grounds, then through Sverdlovsk, to be sent to the front. Over the next three months, the factory manufactured 512 tanks. In February 1942, factory #37 and its design bureau developed, manufactured, and tested a modified T-60. By September 1942, 1144 T-60 tanks were manufactured. After that, the factory was switched to manufacturing the T-70 light tank.