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T-72 Tank



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Requirements for a T-62 replacement…began as early as 1967. Experiments using existing T-64 components, 5 TDF engine, V-45 engine. 1968-9 experimental T-64A with V-45 engine trialled at Kharkhov in cooperation with engineers from Nizhniy Tagil. November 1969 V-46 engine, new tank, Obiekt 172 "Ural". Base model 1973, first export variants 1975….60km/h.

Model Id:
2690
Manufacture:Factory 183 UralVagonZavod, Nizhny Tagil, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Ekaterinburg and Surrounding Regions, Russia (Design parent and manufacturer)


1) Fort IX Czerniaków, Mokotów, Poland

Number of Photos:
2
Sample Photo from Album Number 392

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Unique ID: 392
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: Polish diamond insignia painted on turret sides.

2) Schweizerische Militärmuseum, Full, Switzerland

Number of Photos:
3
Sample Photo from Album Number 835

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Unique ID: 835
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: “425” (and faint insignia) painted on turret sides. “-200” painted on left glacis.

3) Museé Des Blindés, Saumur, France

Number of Photos:
0
Sample Photo from Album Number 968

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Unique ID: 968
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

4) Base Borden Military Museum, Canadian Forces Base Borden, Canada

Number of Photos:
27
Sample Photo from Album Number 2431

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Unique ID: 2431
Serial Number: G08WT3202: “G 08WT 3202 90” stamped into lower glacis and into a small plate fixed to lower glacis.
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: Grid marking stamped into lower glacis. Painted overall in a green and black camouflage scheme.

Obiekt 172

The Obiekt 172 was developed over the period 1968-70. Based on the T-64 chassis, the Obiekt 172 was the initial design concept in the development of the T-72 tank series. The Obiekt 172 featured T-64 style hull, small turret with stereoscopic rangefider, the main searchlight located to the left of the main armament, no commander's machine gun and other detail differences from the later Obiekt 172M. The Obiekt 172 sereies of prototypes also introduced an autoloader, reducing the tank crew to three.

Model Id:
2692
Manufacture:Factory 183 UralVagonZavod, Nizhny Tagil, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Ekaterinburg and Surrounding Regions, Russia (Design parent and manufacturer)


5) Kubinka NIIBT Research Collection - Soviet Vehicles, Kubinka, Russia

Number of Photos:
1
Sample Photo from Album Number 499

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Unique ID: 499
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: Collection number 228 painted on left turret side.

Obiekt 172M

The Obiekt 172M was developed from the initail Obiekt 172 prototype over the period 1969-71. The tank was developed at the Kartsev / Venediktov Bureau at the "Vagonka" plant (UZTM) in Nizhniy Tagil, entering production there as the T-72 in 1973. The Obiekt 172M differed from the ealier Obiekt 172 in that the searchlight was moved to the right of the gun, a distinctive stereoscopic rangefinder was fitted and a machine gun mounted on the commander's hatch. Gill armour was installed over the upper tack run. The Obiekt 172M, powered by its newly developed V-46 582kW (780hp) diesel engine, could reach a road speed of 60km/hour. After trials service with the Soviet Army the Obiekt 172M entered production in 1973 as the T-72 "Ural" MBT.

Model Id:
2694
Manufacture:Factory 183 UralVagonZavod, Nizhny Tagil, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Ekaterinburg and Surrounding Regions, Russia (Design parent and manufacturer)


6) Kubinka NIIBT Research Collection - Soviet Vehicles, Kubinka, Russia

Number of Photos:
1
Sample Photo from Album Number 500

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Unique ID: 500
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: Collection number 229 painted on left turret side.

7) Kubinka NIIBT Research Collection - Reserve Collection, Kubinka, Russia

Number of Photos:
1
Sample Photo from Album Number 661

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Unique ID: 661
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: Turret number “116”.

T-72A

The T-72 entered service in 1973.The T-72A was a 1979 modernisation, with a 125mm 2A46M2 gun replacing the original, and 902B smoke dischargers, napalm protection, also side skirts and a V-46-6 engine. The T-72A was produced from 1979 to 1985 when replaced in production by the T-72B. The T-72M and T-72M1 export models were based on the T-72A.

T-72B

The T-72B was introduced into service with the Soviet Army in 1985. The tank was basically a moderised T-72A, fitted with a new turret and frontal armour array, a gun tube launcher system for "Svir" (AT-11) ATGM, significantly upgraded command systems and other detail improvements. The T-72B1 was similar, the designation being used for the T-72B when not fitted with AT-11.

Model Id:
2698
Manufacture:Factory 183 UralVagonZavod, Nizhny Tagil, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Ekaterinburg and Surrounding Regions, Russia (Design parent and manufacturer)


8) Poklonnaya Gora Victory Park, Moscow, Russia

Number of Photos:
0
Sample Photo from Album Number 2392

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Unique ID: 2392
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

T-72M

The T-72M was the first export model of the T-72 series. Developed from the Obiekt 174 prototype, the T-72M was an export version of the Soviet Army T-72A, first made available in 1980. The tank differs in detail from the T-72A, with different turret armour construction, a PAZ NBC overpressure system and a different ammunition complement. The T-72M entered production in 1980.

Model Id:
2700
Manufacture:Factory 183 UralVagonZavod, Nizhny Tagil, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Ekaterinburg and Surrounding Regions, Russia (Design parent and manufacturer)
Chelyabinskiy Traktornyy Zavod (ChTZ), Chelyabinsk, Chelyabinsk Oblast, Ekaterinburg and Surrounding Regions, Russia (Additional manufacturer)
Factory 185 Kirov, Saint Petersburg, Saint Petersburg and Novgorod Region, Russia (Additional manufacturer)


9) 1st Cavalry Division Museum, Fort Hood, USA

Number of Photos:
1
Sample Photo from Album Number 1925

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Unique ID: 1925
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: Painted overall desert sand.

10) Muzeum Broni Pancernej, Centrum Szkolenia Wojsk Lądowych, Poland

Number of Photos:
2
Sample Photo from Album Number 429

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Unique ID: 429
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: Painted overall in a green, brown and black camouflage scheme.

11) Imperial War Museum, Duxford, Britain

Number of Photos:
1
Sample Photo from Album Number 1111

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Unique ID: 1111
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

T-72M

This is the Polish built version of the T-72.

Model Id:
2701
Manufacture:Zaklady Mechaniczne Bumar-Labedy SA, Łabędy, Gliwice, Śląskie, Poland (Sole manufacturer)


12) Muzeum Uzbrojenia, Cytadela Poznańska, Poland

Number of Photos:
2
Sample Photo from Album Number 438

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Unique ID: 438
Serial Number: B87JK846 (source: L. Delsing).
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: Painted overall in a green, brown and black camouflage scheme.

T-72M

This is the Czechoslovak built version of the T-72.

T-72M1

The T-72M1 is a modernised T-72M, introduced into service in 1982. It has 16mm of additional armour on the glacis and a combination armour arrangement on the turret, incorporating a pelletised filler.

Model Id:
2703
Manufacture:Factory 183 UralVagonZavod, Nizhny Tagil, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Ekaterinburg and Surrounding Regions, Russia (Design parent and manufacturer)


13) The Tank Museum - Public Areas, Bovington, Britain

Number of Photos:
4
Sample Photo from Album Number 1565

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Unique ID: 1565
Serial Number: AO9JN568.
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

14) Canadian War Museum, LeBreton Flats, Canada

Number of Photos:
1
Sample Photo from Album Number 2475

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Unique ID: 2475
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: “102 87” painted on glacis.

T-72AV

The T-72AV was a modification of the T-72A fitted with 227 ERA blocks. It was introduced into Soviet Army service in 1985.

Model Id:
2704
Manufacture:Factory 183 UralVagonZavod, Nizhny Tagil, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Ekaterinburg and Surrounding Regions, Russia (Design parent and manufacturer)


15) Kubinka NIIBT Research Collection - Soviet Vehicles, Kubinka, Russia

Number of Photos:
1
Sample Photo from Album Number 501

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Unique ID: 501
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: Collection number 230 painted on left turret side.

T-72BV

T-72B when fitted with ERA blocks.

Model Id:
2706
Manufacture:Factory 183 UralVagonZavod, Nizhny Tagil, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Ekaterinburg and Surrounding Regions, Russia (Design parent and manufacturer)


16) Kubinka NIIBT Research Collection - Reserve Collection, Kubinka, Russia

Number of Photos:
0
Sample Photo from Album Number 594

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Unique ID: 594
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

Unidentified Model



Model Id:
2707
Manufacture:Factory 183 UralVagonZavod, Nizhny Tagil, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Ekaterinburg and Surrounding Regions, Russia (Design parent and manufacturer)


17) Lewis Army Museum, Joint Base Lewis-McChord, USA

Number of Photos:
1
Sample Photo from Album Number 1411

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Unique ID: 1411
Serial Number: K12BT4249 (source: N. Baumgardner).
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: Painted overall desert sand.

18) National Armor and Cavalry Museum, Fort Benning, USA

Number of Photos:
1
Sample Photo from Album Number 1465

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Unique ID: 1465
Serial Number: X09BT5771 (source: D. Moriarty).
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

19) Museé Des Blindés, Saumur, France

Number of Photos:
0
Sample Photo from Album Number 1010

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Unique ID: 1010
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

20) Museé Des Blindés, Saumur, France

Number of Photos:
1
Sample Photo from Album Number 1011

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Unique ID: 1011
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

21) Centrum Tradycji Polskich Wojsk Pancernych, Żagań, Poland

Number of Photos:
4
Sample Photo from Album Number 2254

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Unique ID: 2254
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: “0311” painted on left turret side, and right and rear turret stowage boxes. Polish diamond insignia painted on forward turret sides.

22) Lager Hammelburg, Hammelburg, Germany

Number of Photos:
0
Sample Photo from Album Number 1693

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Unique ID: 1693
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: “E” painted on glacis.

Asad Babil

Iraqi locally assembled or modified T-72M1A

Model Id:
2708
Manufacture:


23) United States Naval and Marine Corps Reserve Center, Rochester, USA

Number of Photos:
23
Sample Photo from Album Number 536

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Unique ID: 536
Serial Number: “Ф02BT5425” stamped into the centre of the glacis plate.
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: Above left of the serial number is the marking “P-58” and above right “T 28”. Below it is welded a plate with the markings, in rough weld metal, “H & S co, 8TH Tk Bn”. There is also the number “B459 K25” cast into the turret roof just in front of the commander’s cupola.

24) National Museum of the Marine Corps, Triangle, USA

Number of Photos:
3
Sample Photo from Album Number 1155

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Unique ID: 1155
Serial Number:
Registration: Arabic number “٦٣٥٤٩٠” (“236490”) or similar painted on glacis plate.
Name:
Other Identification: Iraqi unit markings on turret sides. Painted overall desert sand.

PT-91M Wilk

Wilk (Wolf) is an early version of Polish upgrade of T-72M, with new ERA, later developed into Twardy.

Model Id:
2709
Manufacture:Zaklady Mechaniczne Bumar-Labedy SA, Łabędy, Gliwice, Śląskie, Poland (Sole manufacturer)


25) Muzeum Broni Pancernej, Centrum Szkolenia Wojsk Lądowych, Poland

Number of Photos:
2
Sample Photo from Album Number 2233

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Unique ID: 2233
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: Polish diamond insignia painted on turret sides. Painted overall in a three-colour camouflage scheme.