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T-55 Tank



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The T-55 was developed in the eary 1950's under the designation Obiekt-155. Developed at UVZ, Nizhny Tagil and manufactured atKharkov, the T-55, though resembling the earlier T-54 was in fact a complete redesign of the earlier tank with few components being unmodified. The T-55 was the mainstay of the Soviet tank park from the time of its introduction until superseded by the T-72 in the 1970’s. The T-55 was in production from 1958 until 1975 (1963 per KhPZ book) (in latter years mainly for export), long after the later T-62 had ceased production. As such the tank has one of the longest service lives of any tank ever built. As with the T-54 series the T-55 underwentseveral modiications and ppgrades during its service life and numerous special varants were manufactured on the T-55 chassis. The T-55M, introduced in 1983, was fitted with the 9K116 Bastion missile system, fired through the standard rifled gun barrel, together with composite turret armor and a new V-55U engine deveoping 620hp. The T-55M1 was the T-55M but fitted with a V-46-5 engine developing 690hp. Most modifications were carried out at the No 3 Tank Repair Plant. The T-55MV introduced in the 1980's was fitted with ERA as originally fitted to the T-64 and T-72 in an attempt to maintain reasonable capability for the T-55 series. The T-55AD Drozd was introduced in small numbers in 1983, providi a 40 degree defensive arc by means of a control and missile system mounted on the turret. The T-55MV upgrade carried out in 1985 included the fitting of ERA blocks on the turret and hull. The T-55 is still in service with some Russian tank units.

Model 1954

The initial production model T-55 was not fitted with the NBC shielding which typified the later T-55A. It lacks the raised hatch areas which accommodated the lead lining incorporated in the later model.

Model Id:
2562
Manufacture:Factory 75 Kharkov Locomotive Factory, Kharkov, Kharkiv Oblast, Ukraine (Manufacturer)


1) Kubinka NIIBT Research Collection - Soviet Vehicles, Kubinka, Russia

Number of Photos:
1
Sample Photo from Album Number 484

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Unique ID: 484
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: Collection number 213 painted on left turret side.

T-55 (Czech)

T-55 manufactured in Czechoslovakia.

Model Id:
2563
Manufacture:Závody Tažkého Strojárstva (ZTS), Martin, Martin District, Žilina, Slovakia (Built under licence 1958-82)


2) Muckleburgh Collection, Weybourne, Britain

Number of Photos:
15
Sample Photo from Album Number 1199

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Unique ID: 1199
Serial Number: MHY 06 SKM: “mhy 06SKM 162” stamped into centre of glacis.
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: “254” painted on turret sides and searchlight. Red stars painted on turret sides. “123456 ZZZ 1234567891011121314151617181920 (other symbols)” stamped into centre of glacis. “22 MKM 123456 (other symbols)” stamped into left side of glacis. “1234567 MHY 15AKK (other symbols) 31B” stamped into hull.

T-55A

The T-55A was basically a T-55 modified for operation in an NBC environment, with additional hatch sealing, a PAZ over-pressure system and other minor changes. The T-55A was upgraded to T-55AM standards in the 1980's.

Model Id:
2564
Manufacture:Factory 75 Kharkov Locomotive Factory, Kharkov, Kharkiv Oblast, Ukraine (Manufacturer)


3) Muzeum Broni Pancernej, Centrum Szkolenia Wojsk Lądowych, Poland

Number of Photos:
0
Sample Photo from Album Number 2240

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Unique ID: 2240
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

4) Poklonnaya Gora Victory Park, Moscow, Russia

Number of Photos:
0
Sample Photo from Album Number 2390

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Unique ID: 2390
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

5) Kubinka NIIBT Research Collection - Reserve Collection, Kubinka, Russia

Number of Photos:
0
Sample Photo from Album Number 601

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Unique ID: 601
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

6) Cytadela Warszawska, Żoliborz, Poland

Number of Photos:
2
Sample Photo from Album Number 419

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Unique ID: 419
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

7) Muzeum Wojsk Ladowych, Osiedle Leśne, Poland

Number of Photos:
0
Sample Photo from Album Number 2516

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Unique ID: 2516
Serial Number: “712K55PR3” stamped into glacis.
Registration: “UBC8930” cast into metal plate welded onto glacis.
Name:
Other Identification: “2110” and Polish diamond insignia painted on turret sides.

T-55AM

The T-55AM has been subsequently modified into the T-55M-1 and…..The T-55 series was modernised in 1970, with the addition of a laser rangefinder. Subsequently, in 1983, the T-55AM upgrade was introduced, fitted with BDD turret or "horseshoe" armour, additional hull armor and combination armor side skirts. The work was done by the No 3 Tank Repair Plant.

Model Id:
2565
Manufacture:Factory 75 Kharkov Locomotive Factory, Kharkov, Kharkiv Oblast, Ukraine (Manufacturer)


8) Panzer Farm, Chrcynno, Poland

Number of Photos:
1
Sample Photo from Album Number 2275

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Unique ID: 2275
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: “70 81” painted on turret sides. Painted overall in a green, brown and black camouflage scheme.

9) Fort IX Czerniaków, Mokotów, Poland

Number of Photos:
3
Sample Photo from Album Number 389

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Unique ID: 389
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

10) Kubinka NIIBT Research Collection - Reserve Collection, Kubinka, Russia

Number of Photos:
0
Sample Photo from Album Number 602

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Unique ID: 602
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

T-55A

T-55A manufactured in Czechoslovakia.

Model Id:
2566
Manufacture:Závody Tažkého Strojárstva (ZTS), Martin, Martin District, Žilina, Slovakia (Built under licence 1958-82)


11) Base Borden Military Museum, Canadian Forces Base Borden, Canada

Number of Photos:
22
Sample Photo from Album Number 2432

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Unique ID: 2432
Serial Number: MHY A30 ZMS: “MHYA30ZMS” stamped into lower glacis.
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: “??-55” and unit insignia faintly visible painted on turret sides. Grid marking stamped into lower glacis. Painted overall in a green and black camouflage scheme.

T-55AM2

The T-55AM-2 was an upgrade of the T-55AM-1 when fitted with passive BDD turret "horseshoe" armor, hull armor and side skirts in a similar manner to the T-55AM.

Model Id:
2567
Manufacture:Factory 75 Kharkov Locomotive Factory, Kharkov, Kharkiv Oblast, Ukraine (Manufacturer)


12) Parco Tematico dell’Aviazione, Rimini, Italy

Number of Photos:
2
Sample Photo from Album Number 1136

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Unique ID: 1136
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

13) Schweizerische Militärmuseum, Full, Switzerland

Number of Photos:
6
Sample Photo from Album Number 834

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Unique ID: 834
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: “APV 02” painted on centre glacis.

14) Kubinka NIIBT Research Collection - Soviet Vehicles, Kubinka, Russia

Number of Photos:
0
Sample Photo from Album Number 485

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Unique ID: 485
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

15) Fort IX Czerniaków, Mokotów, Poland

Number of Photos:
1
Sample Photo from Album Number 390

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Unique ID: 390
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

T-55 Enigma



Model Id:
2568
Manufacture:Factory 75 Kharkov Locomotive Factory, Kharkov, Kharkiv Oblast, Ukraine (Manufacturer)


16) National Armor and Cavalry Museum, Fort Benning, USA

Number of Photos:
2
Sample Photo from Album Number 1547

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Unique ID: 1547
Serial Number: 5210__005 (source: N. Baumgardner).
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

17) The Tank Museum - Reserve Collection, Bovington, Britain

Number of Photos:
8
Sample Photo from Album Number 1972

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Unique ID: 1972
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: “JeANNE”, “CHRIS”, “MUSTANG” and other graffiti spray-painted on left side armour. “CALVIN & HOBBS” and “91” spray-painted on rear of turret counterweight.

Polish manufacture.

T-55 AD Drozd

The T-55 Drozd was a modified T-55A refitted by the No 3 Tank Repair Plant in Omsk with a turret mounted active defence system to detect and intercept incoming ATGM's. The turret has a detection system and tube launchers for the missiles. The tank was issued to the Soviet Army in small numbers. Less obvious was the fitting of a V-55U diesel engine developing 620hp. The T-55AD-1 was a further modification, fitted with the V46-5 diesel engine developing 690hp.

Model Id:
2569
Manufacture:Factory 75 Kharkov Locomotive Factory, Kharkov, Kharkiv Oblast, Ukraine (Manufacturer)


18) Kubinka NIIBT Research Collection - Soviet Vehicles, Kubinka, Russia

Number of Photos:
0
Sample Photo from Album Number 490

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Unique ID: 490
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

T-55U

T-54 upgraded in Poland.

Model Id:
2570
Manufacture:Zaklady Mechaniczne Bumar-Labedy SA, Łabędy, Gliwice, Śląskie, Poland (Probable upgrader)


19) Muzeum Czynu Zbrojnego, Lipce Reymontowskie, Poland

Number of Photos:
1
Sample Photo from Album Number 473

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Unique ID: 473
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: “455” painted over the previous number “8439” on turret sides.

20) Muzeum Wojska Polskiego, Powiśle, Poland

Number of Photos:
2
Sample Photo from Album Number 410

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Unique ID: 410
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

21) Muzeum Broni Pancernej, Centrum Szkolenia Wojsk Lądowych, Poland

Number of Photos:
4
Sample Photo from Album Number 2234

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Unique ID: 2234
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

22) Lubuskie Muzeum Wojskowe, Drzonów, Poland

Number of Photos:
5
Sample Photo from Album Number 467

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Unique ID: 467
Serial Number: X4OA24247A (source: LMM).
Registration: UBC7275: “UBC7275” welded (and highlighted in paint) on the glacis.
Name:
Other Identification: “7152” and Polish diamond insignia painted on turret sides.

The T-55A located at Lubuskie is a Polish production model.

23) Fort IX Czerniaków, Mokotów, Poland

Number of Photos:
2
Sample Photo from Album Number 391

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Unique ID: 391
Serial Number: 76689 (source: L. Delsing).
Registration: UBS0865: “UBS 0865” on plate on glacis.
Name:
Other Identification: “8315” and Polish diamond insignia painted on turret sides.

T-55AMS

Polish manufacture

Model Id:
2571
Manufacture:Zaklady Mechaniczne Bumar-Labedy SA, Łabędy, Gliwice, Śląskie, Poland (Sole manufacturer)


24) Muzeum Wojska Polskiego, Powiśle, Poland

Number of Photos:
3
Sample Photo from Album Number 411

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Unique ID: 411
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

Unidentified Model

T-55s whose models have not yet been identified.

Model Id:
2572
Manufacture:


25) Fort IX Czerniaków, Mokotów, Poland

Number of Photos:
1
Sample Photo from Album Number 402

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Unique ID: 402
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

26) Fort IX Czerniaków, Mokotów, Poland

Number of Photos:
1
Sample Photo from Album Number 403

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Unique ID: 403
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

27) Museé Des Blindés, Saumur, France

Number of Photos:
0
Sample Photo from Album Number 995

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Unique ID: 995
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

28) Imperial War Museum North, Manchester, Britain

Number of Photos:
5
Sample Photo from Album Number 1072

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Unique ID: 1072
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: Arabic number “٨٦٤٠٣” (“86403”) painted on glacis plate. Overall painted desert sand.

29) Imperial War Museum, Duxford, Britain

Number of Photos:
3
Sample Photo from Album Number 1078

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Unique ID: 1078
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: “00128” painted on glacis plate.

30) Imperial War Museum, Duxford, Britain

Number of Photos:
11
Sample Photo from Album Number 1108

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Unique ID: 1108
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: “715” painted on turret sides. Painted overall in a three-colour camouflage scheme.

31) Centrum Tradycji Polskich Wojsk Pancernych, Żagań, Poland

Number of Photos:
4
Sample Photo from Album Number 2253

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Unique ID: 2253
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: “0535” and Polish diamond insignia painted on turret sides.

32) Centrum Atrackcji Wojskowych – Bastion Panzer, Kołobrzeg, Poland

Number of Photos:
1
Sample Photo from Album Number 2504

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Unique ID: 2504
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: “Z 123” painted on turret sides.

33) The Tank Museum - Reserve Collection, Bovington, Britain

Number of Photos:
0
Sample Photo from Album Number 2102

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Unique ID: 2102
Serial Number: 615Y7678.
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

34) Sennybridge Training Area (SENTA), Mynydd Eppynt, Britain

Number of Photos:
0
Sample Photo from Album Number 2167

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Unique ID: 2167
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

35) Sennybridge Training Area (SENTA), Mynydd Eppynt, Britain

Number of Photos:
0
Sample Photo from Album Number 2168

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Unique ID: 2168
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

36) Liberty Park Oorlogsmuseum, Overloon, The Netherlands

Number of Photos:
7
Sample Photo from Album Number 1722

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Unique ID: 1722
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

37) 1st Cavalry Division Museum, Fort Hood, USA

Number of Photos:
2
Sample Photo from Album Number 1922

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Unique ID: 1922
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: “9” painted on left front of turret. Painted overall desert sand.

38) The Tank Museum - Reserve Collection, Bovington, Britain

Number of Photos:
5
Sample Photo from Album Number 1962

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Unique ID: 1962
Serial Number: “736KY478S” stamped into glacis plate.
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: Painted overall green with roadwheels, headlamp guard and other parts edged in white.

T-55 Trainer



Model Id:
2573
Manufacture:


39) The Tank Museum - Public Areas, Bovington, Britain

Number of Photos:
12
Sample Photo from Album Number 1963

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Unique ID: 1963
Serial Number: “(K73) 47BN2030G 84 162” stamped into lower glacis plate.
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: Sections cut away on left, right and rear of turret, and forward left side of hull.

40) Base Borden Military Museum, Canadian Forces Base Borden, Canada

Number of Photos:
15
Sample Photo from Album Number 2419

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Unique ID: 2419
Serial Number: MHY 01 TKD: “MHY01TKD 89” stamped into centre glacis.
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: Indistinct markings stamped into armour plate on glacis.

T-55L

Polish manufactured T-55A.

Model Id:
2574
Manufacture:Zaklady Mechaniczne Bumar-Labedy SA, Łabędy, Gliwice, Śląskie, Poland (Sole manufacturer)


41) Muzeum Uzbrojenia, Cytadela Poznańska, Poland

Number of Photos:
3
Sample Photo from Album Number 437

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Unique ID: 437
Serial Number: 34Z753D (source: L. Delsing).
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: “1955” painted on turret sides.