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T-54 Tank



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The T-54 series was developed from 1945 at Zavod No 183 in Nizhny Tagil under the supevision of A.A.Morozov. It was based on the earlier T-44, modified prototypes of which were built under the designation Obiekt 137 and extensively field trialled in 1945. The T-54 featured a modified hull, new cast turret and significantly improved transmission components, which improved reliability in comparison with the earlier T-44. The T-54 series entered production at Uralvagonzavod (Zavod No 183) in 1946. The T-54 was subsequently produced in huge numbers both for the Soviet Army and for export. It was manufactured in several models, all of which underwent several upgrade programmes during the T-54’s long service life. Numerous specialised tanks were also produced, including bridge layers and flame-thrower tanks, while many other vehicles such as the ZSU-57-2 SPAAG were based on T-54 chassis. V-54 diesel 520hp.

Model Id:
2500
Manufacture:Factory 183 UralVagonZavod, Nizhny Tagil, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Ekaterinburg and Surrounding Regions, Russia (Design parent and sole manufacturer)


1) Museé Des Blindés, Saumur, France

Number of Photos:
0
Sample Photo from Album Number 967

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Unique ID: 967
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

Model 1946

The Model 1946 was the first pre-series production model of the T-54 series. Developed from the T-44 by A. A. Morozov’s design team since early 1945 under the prototype designation Obiekt 137, this model is also known as the T-54-1. It was produced at Zavod No 183 and entered service with the Soviet Army in 1947. The tank is easily identified by the turret which has undercuts at the front and rear and has a wide gun mantlet. The T-54 M-1946 was produced between 1947 and 1949. The SU-122-54 SPG and SPK-12G and MTU-12 specialised engineering vehicles were based on this chassis. The T-54 M-1946 was produced in small numbers only and few remain today.

Model Id:
2501
Manufacture:Factory 183 UralVagonZavod, Nizhny Tagil, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Ekaterinburg and Surrounding Regions, Russia (Design parent and sole manufacturer 1947-9)


2) Kubinka NIIBT Research Collection - Soviet Vehicles, Kubinka, Russia

Number of Photos:
1
Sample Photo from Album Number 479

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Unique ID: 479
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: Collection number 208 painted on left turret side.

Model 1949

The T-54 M-1949 was a modification of the original T-54 M-1946, also developed by the A. A. Morozov design bureau. It entered service with the Soviet Army in 1950. As with the M-1946, this model was produced in relatively small numbers only between 1949 and 1951. The most distinctive feature of the T-54 M-1949 (also known as the T-54-2) is the new turret with the definitive “pig snout” mantlet but still featuring a turret rear undercut. Other changes included the use of a 12.7mm DShKM heavy AA MG in place of the earlier DShK and new 580mm tracks. The tank was later modified with the “Tsiklon” (cyclone) gun stabilisation system, V-55 engine and other upgrades.

Model Id:
2502
Manufacture:Factory 183 UralVagonZavod, Nizhny Tagil, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Ekaterinburg and Surrounding Regions, Russia (Design parent and sole manufacturer 1949-51)


3) Kubinka NIIBT Research Collection - Soviet Vehicles, Kubinka, Russia

Number of Photos:
1
Sample Photo from Album Number 480

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Unique ID: 480
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: Collection number 209 painted on left turret side.

Model 1951

The T-54 M-1951 (T-54-3) was similar to the earlier models, the main distinguishing feature being the introduction of a modified cast turret with no undercuts front or rear. The tank had a D-10T gun fitted with the “Tsiklon” gun stabilisation system as standard. The gun barrel originally had no counterweight or bore evacuator. Other detail changes included the fitting of night vision equipment and mounting points for mine rollers. The tank had a slightly shorter hull than the previous model. The T-54 M-1951 became the definitive production model of the T-54 series. It was series produced from 1952 to 1955 before being modernised as the T-54A. In later years a number of these tank were upgraded with a T-55 turret and other modificationsas the T-54M.

Model Id:
2504
Manufacture:Factory 183 UralVagonZavod, Nizhny Tagil, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Ekaterinburg and Surrounding Regions, Russia (Primary manufacturer)
Factory 75 Kharkov Locomotive Factory, Kharkov, Kharkiv Oblast, Ukraine (Secondary manufacturer)


4) Muzeum Broni Pancernej, Centrum Szkolenia Wojsk Lądowych, Poland

Number of Photos:
2
Sample Photo from Album Number 428

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Unique ID: 428
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: Polish Eagle markings painted on turret sides.

This pristine condition T-54 is located within the museum buildings at the museum (source: E. Muikku).

T-54A

The T-54A entered service with the Soviet Army in 1955 and remained in production for two years before being replaced in production by the T-55 series. The T-54A was a modernisation of the T-54 the design for which was carried out by the L. N. Kartsev design bureau at Zavod No 183 in 1955 under the designation Obiekt 137G. The tank was fitted with dual-axis gun stabilisation, new sights and other modifications. The most distinctive feature which distinguishes the T-54A from earlier models is the fitting of a muzzle brake and bore evacuator on the end of the barrel. It also had vertical plane gun stabilisation and TVN-1 night vision eqipment for the driver. In 1957 the T-54B was introduced, fitted with IR night vision equipment, while in 1958 the T-54A underwent a modernisation programme at tank repair factories, resulting in the T-54A(M) fitted with new tracks, passive armour protection and an uprated V-55 engine.
The T-54 underwent numerous design modifications, modernisation programmes and capital repair during its service life, such that it is often difficult to exactly designate a particular model due to constant upgrade of its appearance. The T-54 was replaced in production by the modified T 55 in 1955. The T-54 has served in almost every conflict world-wide.

Model Id:
2505
Manufacture:Factory 183 UralVagonZavod, Nizhny Tagil, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Ekaterinburg and Surrounding Regions, Russia (Primary manufacturer)
Factory 75 Kharkov Locomotive Factory, Kharkov, Kharkiv Oblast, Ukraine (Secondary manufacturer)


5) Isle of Wight Military History Museum, Cowes, Britain

Number of Photos:
22
Sample Photo from Album Number 2299

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Unique ID: 2299
Serial Number: “601-15 M6520-6749 1-129”? stamped into upper glacis. “30 332”? and grid stamped into lower glacis.
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: “5274” painted on turret sides and glacis splash board. Czech insignia painted on turret sides. Grid and other markings stamped into left turret side.

6) Kubinka NIIBT Research Collection - Soviet Vehicles, Kubinka, Russia

Number of Photos:
1
Sample Photo from Album Number 481

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Unique ID: 481
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: Collection number 210 painted on left turret side.

7) Kubinka NIIBT Research Collection - Reserve Collection, Kubinka, Russia

Number of Photos:
1
Sample Photo from Album Number 663

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Unique ID: 663
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: Turret number “201” and Guards insignia.

8) Solitary Vehicles, Aberdeen Proving Ground, USA

Number of Photos:
4
Sample Photo from Album Number 763

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Unique ID: 763
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: Camouflage paint scheme.

9) Panzermuseum, Thun, Switzerland

Number of Photos:
2
Sample Photo from Album Number 823

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Unique ID: 823
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: “417” and Polish national markings painted on turret sides.

10) Museé Des Blindés, Saumur, France

Number of Photos:
0
Sample Photo from Album Number 894

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Unique ID: 894
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

11) National Armor and Cavalry Museum, Fort Benning, USA

Number of Photos:
14
Sample Photo from Album Number 1180

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Unique ID: 1180
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

T-54A(M)

T-54A with IR equipment.

Model Id:
2506
Manufacture:Factory 183 UralVagonZavod, Nizhny Tagil, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Ekaterinburg and Surrounding Regions, Russia (Primary manufacturer)
Factory 75 Kharkov Locomotive Factory, Kharkov, Kharkiv Oblast, Ukraine (Secondary manufacturer)


12) The Tank Museum - Public Areas, Bovington, Britain

Number of Photos:
8
Sample Photo from Album Number 1971

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Unique ID: 1971
Serial Number: “540?...?” stamped into glacis. “540 09” (source: Museum Vehicle Record).
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: A grid of markings is stamped into the glacis.

T-54B

The T-54B (Obiekt 137G) was developed by the Kartsev bureau at Zavod No 183 as a major upgrade of the T-54A on which it was based. The T-54B entered series production in 1956. The T-54B had several major mprovements, including two axis gun stabilisation, a new TSh2B-32 main gun sight, uprated V-54B/V-55 engine, live track and an R-123 radio set. OPVT wading system.

T-54M

The T-54M was a hybrid upgrade, being basically a T-54 fitted many featured form the later T-55 series, including the turret and mechanical features of the later tank.

Model Id:
2508
Manufacture:Factory 183 UralVagonZavod, Nizhny Tagil, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Ekaterinburg and Surrounding Regions, Russia (Primary manufacturer)
Factory 75 Kharkov Locomotive Factory, Kharkov, Kharkiv Oblast, Ukraine (Secondary manufacturer)


13) Fort IX Czerniaków, Mokotów, Poland

Number of Photos:
1
Sample Photo from Album Number 387

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Unique ID: 387
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: “8002” and Polish diamond insignia painted on turret sides.

T-54A

Czechoslovak manufacture.

Model Id:
2509
Manufacture:Czech Republic (Manufactured under licence)


14) Royal Tank Museum, Aqaba, Jordan

Number of Photos:
0
Sample Photo from Album Number 2175

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Unique ID: 2175
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification: