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Baldwin Locomotive Works, Eddystone, Delaware County, Pennsylvania, USA

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Location Category ID: 88800
Added to Database: 31 December 2010
Last Edited: 31 December 2010
Address:
Telephone:
Email:
Opening Times:
Official Website:
Other Links: Wikipedia
Steam Locomotive
Latitude, Longitude: 39.85904773 , -75.32793045
Location Accuracy: 7
Tanks Previously Here: Models of tank built here:
1: M3 Lee I Tank (Additional manufacturer)
2: M3 Grant I Tank (Additional manufacturer)
3: M3A2 Lee III Tank (Sole manufacturer - 12 built January-February 1942)
4: M3A3 Lee IV/V Tank (Sole manufacturer March-December 1942)
5: M3A5 Grant II Tank (Sole manufacturer January-November 1942)
6: M31 Tank Recovery Vehicle (Sole manufacturer from late 1942)
7: M31B1 Tank Recovery Vehicle (Sole manufacturer from late 1942)
8: M31B2 Tank Recovery Vehicle (Sole manufacturer from late 1942)
9: M12 Self-Propelled Howitzer (Overhaul of M12s February-May 1944)
10: M4 Sherman Tank - M4 (Additional manufacturer January 1943-January 1944)
11: M4A2 Sherman Tank - M4A2 (Minor manufacturer October-November 1942)
12: M32B1 Tank Recovery Vehicle (Manufacturer)
13: M32A1B1 Tank Recovery Vehicle (Sole converter from M32B1)
14: M32A1B3 Tank Recovery Vehicle (Primary converter of M4A3 105 and M32B3)

Long term:
1: T14 Assault Tank - The Tank Museum - Reserve Collection, Bovington, Dorset, South West England, Britain (Shipped via nearby Chester Tank Depot)



The Baldwin Locomotive Works was founded in 1831 by Matthias Baldwin. The original plant was on Broad Street in Philadelphia, PA where the company did business for 71 years until it moved in 1912 to a new plant in Eddystone. Various partnerships during this period resulted in a number of name changes; it was finally incorporated as the Baldwin Locomotive Works in 1909. Baldwin made its reputation building steam locomotives for the Pennsylvania Railroad, the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, the Atchison, and many other railroads in North America and for overseas railroads in England, France, India, Haiti and Egypt. In the late 1940's it was very clear that the steam locomotive days were over and each of the big three steam locomotive builders were far behind EMD with diesel designs and customers. Lima merged with engine builder Hamilton in an effort to get a foot hold in the diesel market but made little progress. In desperation Lima-Hamilton merged with Baldwin in 1950 to become the Baldwin-Lima-Hamilton Corporation. However, by 1956 BLH ceased production of locomotives. (Source: SteamLocomotive.com).
In 1965 Baldwin became a wholly owned subsidiary of Armour and Company, which was itself purchased by Greyhound Corporation in 1970. Greyhound closed Baldwin-Lima for good in 1972. (Source: Wikipedia).
Baldwin was an important contributor to the Allied war effort in World War I. Baldwin built 5,551 locomotives for the Allies including separate designs for Russian, French, British and United States Trench railways. Baldwin built railway gun carriages for the United States Navy and manufactured six million artillery shells for Russia, England and the United States. From 1915 to 1918, Remington Arms subcontracted the production of nearly 2 million Pattern 1914 Enfield and M1917 Enfield rifles to the Baldwin Locomotive Works. (Source: Wikipedia).
During World War II Baldwin became involved in the manufacture of large armoured vehicles. Baldwin built the M3, M3A2, M3A3 and M3A5 medium tanks in 1941 and 1942.

Location Images - Photographs and NavPix (click to expand or browse)

May 1942

“Stored in this large war plant are huge piles of finished M-3 tank rubber treads - only a few days’ supply for the tank plant, Baldwin Locomotive Works”
1: “Stored in this large war plant are huge piles of finish...

Taken: May 1942
Contributor: US Library of Congress
Location Photo ID: 376
Added: 31 December 2010
Views: 926
Has Priority: 0
    

    

    

1905

Baldwin Locomotive Works
2: Baldwin Locomotive Works

Taken: 1905 (Estimated)
Contributor: US Library of Congress
Location Photo ID: 377
Added: 31 December 2010
Views: 148
Has Priority: 0