Preserved Tanks .com
    World Register of Surviving Historic Armoured Vehicles

Current Query: Full entry for the tank(s)/location: by Type and Update, Location & Update with Spare Photos, NavPix & Videos

Leopard 2 Tank



Powered By Subgurim(http://googlemaps.subgurim.net).Google Maps ASP.NET

MAP CONTROLS: Use slider or mousewheel to zoom, and hold down left mouse button to drag.
KEY: Location markers are coloured from Green meaning exact to Red meaning gone or unknown (details here)

During the 1960’s, development of a replacement to the Leopard took place at a low priority. However, in December 1969, as it became clear that the Kampfpanzer 70 project was not going to be a success, the Federal Ministry of Defense decided to go ahead with developing a new MBT unilaterally. The knowledge and experience gained from the Leopard and the KPz 70 program were used as the basis for the new design that was to become the Leopard 2. The design work was done by Porsche with Krauss-Maffei building the chassis and Wegmann the turrets.
A total of seventeen prototype chassis and turrets were built, one of these being sold to America for comparative trials with the XM1 MBT. All the prototypes used the Renk transmission from the Kampfpanzer 70 and twelve also used its MTU engine. Ten were equipped with a Rheinmetall 105mm smooth-bore gun and the others with a Rheinmetall 120mm smooth-bore gun. The hulls were similar to those of the Leopard 1 but with a more sharply angled glacis plate whilst the turrets resemble those of the Leopard 1A4.

Leopard 2 Prototype



Model Id:
800
Manufacture:Krauss-Maffei GmbH, Munich, Germany (Chassis manufacturer)


1) Museé Des Blindés, Saumur, France

Number of Photos:
0
Sample Photo from Album Number 335

Click here or on the image for this tank's profile page

Unique ID: 335
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

It is planned to display a Leopard 2 in the German section of the new General Estienne Hall (source: Saumur Magazine). [Preserved Tanks in France: Number 181].

2) BWB Wehrtechnische Studiensammlung, Koblenz, Germany

Number of Photos:
0
Sample Photo from Album Number 336

Click here or on the image for this tank's profile page

Unique ID: 336
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

This is a prototype acquired from the Bundeswehr. It has the chassis serial number PT-16 and the turret serial number PT 17.

3) BWB Wehrtechnische Studiensammlung, Koblenz, Germany

Number of Photos:
1
Sample Photo from Album Number 337

Click here or on the image for this tank's profile page

Unique ID: 337
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

This is a test vehicle, a prototype version of the Leopard 2, acquired from the Bundeswehr. It has the chassis serial number ET-02 and the turret serial number ET 01. It appears to be fitted with a 105mm main armament.

4) Panzermuseum, Munster, Germany

Number of Photos:
1
Sample Photo from Album Number 338

Click here or on the image for this tank's profile page

Unique ID: 338
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

This is prototype number 14 fitted with turret number 13. It appears to be fitted with a 120mm main armament.

5) Sennelager Training Area, Paderborn, Germany

Number of Photos:
0
Sample Photo from Album Number 1665

Click here or on the image for this tank's profile page

Unique ID: 1665
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

Text in Preserved German Tanks Update:


This Leopard 2 prototype is missing its turret. It appears to be largely complete externally but shows significant signs of damage.

Production Vehicles

In 1974 the USA and West Germany signed a Memorandum of Understanding affirming their intentions to standardise their tank programs. To meet American requirements another model was built, the Leopard 2 AV (Austere Version). This had a simpler fire-control system and the British 105mm gun used in the Leopard 1 and American M60. More significantly it had a new turret and hull design incorporating spaced, multi-layer armour and other improvements. It was characterised by a slab-sided turret and an engine compartment roof sloping upwards to the rear.
The Leopard 2 AV went for trials in the USA in September 1976, following which one of the competing American designs was standardised as the M1 Abrams. However, the new Leopard was an excellent design and it was always likely that an American design would be chosen in these trials. In 1977 the Federal German Army ordered 1800 Leopard 2s from Krauss-Maffei and Krupp MaK using the new hull and turret design but mounting the Rheinmetall 120mm gun.
The first Leopard 2 tanks entered service with the FGA in 1978 and 1979, and they have since also been ordered for the Dutch and Swiss armies. The design has since been developed further, producing the Leopard 2A1 with the addition of an infra-red viewer, the removal of a cross-wind sensor and commander’s AA MG rail, and other changes. Early production Leopard 2s with these changes incorporated were redesignated 2A2. The 2A3 has a new SEM 80/90 radio system and a modified exhaust system; the 2A4 has a new fire-control computer and fire extinguishing system; and the 2A5 has an improved panoramic periscope and other changes.
In 1979 the Netherlands ordered 445 Leopard 2s to replace Centurion and AMX-13 tanks still in service and vehicles were delivered from 1981 to 1986. These Dutch Leopard 2 (NL) vehicles have Belgian 7.62mm FN MGs, and Dutch smoke dischargers, night vision equipment and radios.

Model Id:
810
Manufacture:Krauss-Maffei GmbH, Munich, Germany (Primary manufacturer)
MaK, Germany (Secondary manufacturer)


6) Johannes Post Kazerne, Havelte, The Netherlands

Number of Photos:
0
Sample Photo from Album Number 2343

Click here or on the image for this tank's profile page

Unique ID: 2343
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

Text in Preserved German Tanks Update:


This is a Leopard 2A4 (source: Netherlands HAR).

7) Museé Des Blindés, Saumur, France

Number of Photos:
0
Sample Photo from Album Number 1008

Click here or on the image for this tank's profile page

Unique ID: 1008
Serial Number:
Registration:
Name:
Other Identification:

Text in Preserved German Tanks Update:


New entry.

8) Cavaleriemuseum, Bernhardkazerne, The Netherlands

Number of Photos:
18
Sample Photo from Album Number 339

Click here or on the image for this tank's profile page

Unique ID: 339
Serial Number: 12002: “NL12002” stamped into lower right glacis.
Registration: KU-84-01 (Dutch): “KU-84-01” painted on nose and hull rear.
Name:
Other Identification: Dutch flag painted on front left mud flap and right hull rear. “NL” painted on hull sides.

Text in original Preserved German Tanks publication:


This Leopard 2 (NL) is on display in the Dutch Army barracks (source: T. Royall).

Text in Preserved German Tanks Update:


This Leopard 2A4 was originally on display outside, and is now stored at the museum’s vehicle hangars. This was the second Leopard 2A4 delivered to the Netherlands, it came from the war reserve in perfect working order; the first one (12001/KU-84-00) was sold to Austria (source: L. Delsing).

Panzer 87



Model Id:
850
Manufacture:RUAG Eidgenössische Konstruktions-Werkstätte (K+W), Thun, Bern, Switzerland (Vehicle assembly)


9) Panzermuseum, Thun, Switzerland

Number of Photos:
3
Sample Photo from Album Number 1208

Click here or on the image for this tank's profile page

Unique ID: 1208
Serial Number:
Registration: “M.77101” painted on nose.
Name:
Other Identification: White square painted on front right mud flap. Painted overall in a green, brown and black camouflage scheme.

Text in Preserved German Tanks Update:


New entry.