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Omsktransmash (Omsk transport machine factory) is a wholly state-owned engineering company based in Omsk, Russia. The company was best known in the west during the cold war period for its production of armoured vehicles such as the T-80 tank. The beginnings of the organisation were in 1896 with the creation of a railway engineering workshop; the plant expanded in 1942 and gained its current importance when factories in the Ukraine and Leningrad were evacuated to beyond the Ural Mountains because of the German advance. During that period the plant stepped in, as Factory No. 174 (K.E. Voroshilov), to produce the T-34 tank. By the end of the war it had produced 5,867 T-34s, equally split between the 76mm- and 85mm-armed versions.